Friday, October 7, 2011

Cartwright and Allen

The readings of an "Autobiography of Peter Cartwright: The Backwoods Preacher" can be summarized as being about the Reverend Peter Cartwright, whom lived during the 1800s era. This account tells the true life story, of his accounts of traveling through the mountains, as he preached the Christian religion.
During this time, it was believed that Peter Cartwright, was the oldest traveling Methodist preachers. He believed that his teachings, would led to an rise and progress of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the valley of Mississippi.
In this reading, it was mentioned how the "Indians" were driven off the land. Peter Cartwright explained how the Native peoples were "overpowered" and "driven off", in order for the white man to be able to obtained an peaceful and quiet possession of the land.
One specific question that came to mind about this form of writing, is what would Peter Cartwright, have probably thought of people that are living during this time period?. Since he was quick to believe that, the Native peoples were savages. One connection that came to mind about the readings, was that it made me think of the "Sot-Weed Factor".
 This is due ot the fact, that it made me think of how during this time period, the native peoples were viewed as being savages. Even though the Native peoples had occupied the land before the settlers, they were viewed as being barbarians and savages. This is due to the fact, that the settlers did not understand how the Native peoples lived. Because they were so very different, from the Europeans. As in the case of the "Sot-Weed Factor", the settlers that came to America, had an tendancy to view the natives as being savages, even though they were coming ot their territory.
The Native Americans had an complete different way of dressing and practicing religion.One connection that I had to other readings and films, was that it made me think of how many other stories, I have read where the Native Americans were treated unjustly. One such film, is "Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee". This movie explores the issues, that Native Americans had to endure, so many years ago, when they were being massacred. I feel as though many, do not understand all that the Native peoples, had to go through.
Lastly, the story by Richard Allen, which was called "The Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours of the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen", also shares an close tie to the autobiography of Peter Cartwright. This is due to the fact, that an shared theme of both stories are that the Christian religion are both mentioned in the historical accounts.
In the case of Peter Cartwright, the story of how he was an " white backwoods preacher" traveling through the rural south. However, Richard Allen tells how he was an black man that preached the Gospel of the the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, to the "lost ones". So it was very interesting to note in both autobiographies, the stories of how two different men, one black, the other white traveled and preached the Gospel, to the ones that they felt were in need of spiritual guidance.

Thursday, October 6, 2011


The writings that made up "A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Venture" by Venture Smith can be summarized as being about Smith's account of having been sold into slavery. Ventura Smith had been believed to have been born in the year of 1729. He was believed to have died, in the year of 1805.
 I found myself not having any questions concerning the article of writing. I felt as though the piece of writing, was very easy to read, and was able to grasp the material.
Ventura Smith managed to become an free man, before the end of his life. So he did not have to die, at the mercy of an master. During the span of his life, he had been sold several times and exchanged between the hands of different masters. It is believed that Venture had maintained the personality of an faithful servant, and was believed to have been an person of honesty and temperance.
Like many other slaves of his time, Ventura Smith had been intent on obtaining his freedom from his masters. It is interesting to note, that Venture Smith was allowed to work nights as an fisherman. This was in order ot be able to accumulate enough money, to be able to purchase his freedom from his master at the time. The master during this time, was Col. Smith.
As is already noted, Ventura Smith was given the name of Smith from this particular master. When Ventura was able to obtain enough money, he used this money towards buying an colored woman, by the name of Meg. He later on married Meg and had several children, by her. He was even able to purchase land, for building an home for himself and Meg.
 One connection to the reading that I had was, how many other works that I have read, that chronicle the true life stories of people being sold into slavery . This made me have an connection to another writing, which is "The Incidents of an Slave Girl" by Harriet Jacobs. In Jacobs story, she offers an acoount through an female's approach of what it was liked to be abused and mistreated by her masters. So as one reads autobiographical accounts of what it was like to be an slave, one can have an truthful glimpse of what these people actually had to endure on an daily basis. Such as being whipped or beaten senseless for possibly no feasible reason, other than the person wanting to simply show that they could have control, over someone. Many an times, white masters would beat their black slaves, for an act that had no purpose. But it was just to be able to show the slave, whom was the "superior" race. I feel as though anyone, that wants to learn more about atrocities that were commited towards minorities, should read the account of Ventura Smith. This is one important piece of writing, that should not be ignored by others.

Ben Franklin

The writings of Ben Franklin can be summarized as being about his thoughts and points of view on life, particularly what he thought made an person of good character. I thought it was interesting to note, how he thought that virtues and happiness, would led to an person having an better character.
Franklin believed that "an Art of Virtue, was an feature of private character, and happiness, both public and domestic". "The two will sir, will in particular give a noble rule and education". He believed that school and other education are false principles, and show a clumsy apparatus. I think it would be intriguing to know how, Franklin would have thought of the youth that are living today in this generation, and see how he would think of improving their character.
To be honest, I do not have any specific questions that came to mind, while reading the writings of Benjamin Franklin. I thought that the writings, were more easier to read and understand, after you have read the chapters about two times, in order to be able to grasp an better understanding of what Ben Franklin had hoped to convey in his autobiography.
One connection, that came to mind while I was reading the Ben Franklin chapters was to the portrayal of Ben Franklin in the story, "Bastard" by John Jakes. This reminded me of an American history course, that I took several years ago, where this novel was an part of the required readings. This made me have memories to the readings, such as how Ben Franklin was portrayed in the story. Ben Franklin was portrayed as being an eccentric and interesting character, that wanted to be an friend to everyone. In the novel, was told the story of how the character of Ben Franklin played an important role, in the American Revolution.
It is always interesting to me, to read biographical accounts of how people lived centuries ago. Also, due to the fact that Ben Franklin is such an important contributor to American history, it is always interesting to read the chapters out of the biography, that he crafted. These writings gave me an better understanding of what Franklin was like during the time that he lived, and it seems as though Ben Franklin would have been an interesting person to have known. He seemed to exhibit an sort of personality, that would have made him an character, that would have been interesting and fascinating.

The Sot-Weed Factor Cooke

The writings called the "Sot-Weed Factor" which is based on the character of Ebenezer Cooke can be summarized as being about one man's experience of going to America.  This poem had been written by John Barth, and was mostly likely based off of an novel he wrote that featured this character. Another name for this poem can be called "The Voyage to Maryland". One specific question that I had concerning the text, was that I could not help, but wonder what exactly was the driving force, behind the character of Ebenezer Cooke coming to the native lands. It is speculation, that he most likely came to America, in order to obtain land, that he had most likely lost in his native land of Europe.
This is due to the line "Condemn'd by Fate to way-ward Curse", that it had not originally been Cooke's intention to go to the Native countries. That it was by the hands of fate, that Cooke was driven to go to an foreign land. Also, the lines of "Of Friends unkind, and empty Purse", is an example of how Cooke most likely did not have any money to his name, when he made the journey to America.
 One connection that came to mind while I was examining the text was what it must have been like for the Native Americans, to have so many different settlers coming to their country. For some many centuries, the Native peoples had been used to seeing people of their own skin color populating the lands. Then over the centuries, there became more and more people of white skin, that began to take over the country that they knew and loved.The writings that comprised the "Sot-Weed Factor" made me think of another reading, by the name of  "Angela's Ashes.  I could not help, but take notice of the similiarities and differences between these two stories.
The reason that I thought this, was due to the fact, that this story is also one of someone wanting to go to other country, in order to be able to seek out an better life. However, in the case of Angela's Ashes, it was the story of an family that was venturing to Amercia, in search of an better life away from Ireland.  Also, in the case of the Sot-Weed Factor, the character was coming to Amercia, at an time when Native Americans were still viewed as being savages. However, in the case of Angela's Ashes, the family was coming to America, in the earlier times of the century. The story of this family's plight, was more heartfelt and sorrow-filled, than the plight of the character in this piece of writing. That is why it is of such interest, that you can be able to read different stories of people's lives as they become immigrants of another country. Also, you can read how these people adjusted to their new lives in another country, and read about the driving forces that caused them to go to another land, rather by force or hope.


This reading can be summarized as being about, how the "Romantic Era" was an literary, artistic, and intellectual movement, that originated in the second half of the 18th century in European society. However, this era did not gain an strong response until the Industrial Revolution.
In strong part, this was an revolt against the aristocractic society and political norms of the Age of Enlightment, and an reaction to the scientific rationals of nature. Romanticism was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature, but also had an major impact on history and education.
In an literary sense, Romanticism was able to find recurrent themes in past criticisms, emphasis on sensible females and children, the heroic isolation of the artist or narrator, and respect for an more wilder nature.
It is important to note that, many Romantic writers like Edgar Allen Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne are considered to be writers of the Romantic Era.
It is important for the reader to note, that the Romantic movement placed an strong sense of emotion, on an authenic source of aesthic experience. That placed new emphasis on emotions, like trepiditation, horror, fear, and awe-struckness. An sense of fear and forebading can be seen in works by Hawthorne, where the main character is stepping into the unknown, being unsure of what may possibly happen to him.
It is important to note, that works of Romanticism often offered an sense, of elevating folk art and ancient customs to represent something noble. This is seen in an desirable urge for the main character, to do something considered to be noble. When the main character was going to an different village to find the man that he was looking for, he thought that he was commiting an act of importance to him. However, at the end of the story, the main character did not get what he planned out of the trip.
One connection, that I had to this story, was that it made me think of works by other authors of the Romantic Era that I have read in prior English courses. In addition to Poe and Hawthorne, other writers like Mary Shelley and Byron can be labeled as belonging to the Romantic Era. These works of arts, contribute an sense of fear and suspense in the reader. Much like in the case of Hawthorne, an reader does not quite know what to expect, while reading these novels.


This piece of writing, can be summarized as being about the fact based story, of what Ms. Harriet Jacobs had to endure as an slave. The only difference, is that she goes by the name of Linda in the story, instead of using her real name. In this story, Linda/Harriet tells the account of how she had to endure beatings, by the hands of an white man named Dr. Flint.
 He would commit such atrocities as shoving her down the stairs, or cutting off her long hair, when he became angered by her. Harriet/Jacobs also tells how she had to learn how to read and write secretly, because this was forbidden by slaves during this era in time.
 One connection that I had to this piece of writing, is that I read this particular story, as part of an online English course, that I took online during the summer months. The name of the course, was titled "Literature by Women"; and it covered different genres of writings, by women of all different nationalities.
I found this story to be very heartfelt and thought-provoking. It made me put myself in the shoes of an black woman, that was an slave many years ago. Her words were so poignant, that they at times was hard to read. It angered me that an woman would have to endure soo much, just because of her nationality and the time period, that she was born.
I feel as though if anyone wants to read an thought-provoking story, they should read the words of Jacobs. This story most likely offers an true account of what many slaves over the centuries, probably had to endure at the hands of an master and/or oversear. This woman and many others, did not have anyone standing up for them. They probably had to endure countless tragedies, like having their children taken from them and/or being raped by an white man. This is what probably led to many mulatto children being born in the south.


The articles that make up the "Federalist/Anti-Federalist papers" can be summarized as being about how two completly different parties, had opposing ideals on how much infleunce that the United States government should play in the roles of the Amercian citizens.
The Anti- Federalist papers can be summarized as being about why the Anti-Federalists believed that the country, was in an very crucial period for politics. It was interesting to read how the Anti-Federalists posed the question of "Whether or not an confederated government was the best for the United States or not?".Or put in more simpler terms, "If the thirteen United States should be reduced down to one great republic, that was governed by one legislature, and under the directions given by one exceutive and judicial; or "rather or not they should continue to be thirteen confederated republics, under the direction and control of a supreme federal head for specific defined national purposes?".
Likewise, the Federalists believed that the answer to maintaining power in the American states, "was to form an means of keeping each power in their proper places". They believed that it was of the upmost importance, for "each governmental department to be as little dependent on each other as possible".
As having been previously stated, the Americans were worried about how much power that the government should be able to exhibit. Some people felt that the government should be strict at enforcing rules and regulations. However, some people felt as though the strong government would become to similiar to the monarchy in Europe, that they people had strived to escape from.
 . One specific question, that I had about the readings was "I wonder what was going through the minds of the people in America during this time frame?. I imagine that many people were worried about how the American government was going to be formed, and what was to come about in Amercian politics.
 One connection that I had to the readings was that it reminded me of how strict the government is in in other countries.I thought about how in countries like China and North Korea, the people are pretty much limited on many aspects of their lives. For instance in China, the people are restricted on how many children that they are able to bear. Likewise in North Korea, the people are easily put to death for whatever reason, and must honor the Communist government in almost every aspect of their lives. Whenever the American people feel that they are living under an strict government in America, they should take note that many countries are living in more fear and isolation that the people in this country are.
One connection that I had to other readings, was that I remember being in high school Civics class, and having to recite the "Constitution". I can remember what an intimidating time, that that was as I tried to remember all the words. Also, in an American History course, that I have taken here on campus; we studied intensively on the similiarities and differences between the two important articles, in the Federalist and Anti-Federalists papers. I feel as though it is intriguing to read about how different parties had their own ideals concerning an important issue in American society, which is if the government should play an large role, or minor role in Amercian society.

huck finn

This novel can be summarized, as being about an adolscent boy by the name of Huckberry Finn. This boy learns how to escape from his alcoholic father, by faking his own death. This leds to Huckleberry Finn faking his own death and so beginning is journey through the Deep South, in which he seeks freedom and independence.
Along the ways on his travels, Huck meets an escaped slave by the name of Jim. It is important for the reader, to know that Jim is an wanted man. This tale tells the story of the journey of the two, as they travel along the route of the Mississippi River.
This book raises the timeless and universally issues of prejudice, bravery, and hope. This are all factors for why Huck Finn is considered to be and is still the greatest American novel of all times.
One connection that I made to this novel, in relation to other stories that were covered during this course is that race and racism were two common elements throughout the story. The usage of racist terms towards blacks was practically used on every page of the novel. This had led to many people wanting to terminate the usage of this particular word, from the pages of the novel. There have even been censored versions of the novel that have been released. However, I do not feel as though the usage of this word should be taken out of the book. This is due to the fact, that Twain was using this word, because many Americans during the time that the book was released often used this word in their vocabulary. This is showing how many Amercians during that time, felt about black peoples.
Lastly, while reading the novel, I felt as though this novel reminded me of "Incidents in the Life of an Slave Girl". This is due to the fact, that this story also showcased how blacks were often treated unfairly in the south, during this time period.